Hartford as a Cheshire village can be traced back as far as the Domesday Book of 1086 where it is mentioned as being part of the Barony of Kinderton, held by Gilbert de Venables.
Much of the history and development of the village can be found to have its origins in the local association with salt, and the chemical industry that sprang up to exploit this natural resource. The village is situated on what was the main salt route from Northwich to Chester. Chester Road, which runs through the centre of the village, follows the line of Watling Street, a Roman road.
In 1921 Brunner Mond was the principal landowner, having established a flourishing chemical industry on the back of the natural resources. The company believed in manufacturers’ responsibility for the well-being of their employees and built houses for their directors and managers in Hartford in a location upwind of the factories, and associated smells. The directors lived in The Crescent, senior managers in The Grange, and middle managers in Walnut Lane.
Hartford is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies at the intersection of the A559 road and the West Coast Main Line (between Liverpool and Crewe) and is less than 2 miles south west of the town of Northwich. It forms part of the Weaver Vale parliamentary constituency.
Hartford is an educational hub and unique in Europe. There are roughly the same number of students attending the numerous schools in the village as inhabitants.